Machine Shop

The room where machining operations are performed is called a Machine Shop. It can be a separate room in a factory or an individual business. In a Machine Shop, various parts (of metals or some other materials) are manufactured or produced by the machinist. Various kinds of cutting tools and machine tools are used in the Shop for making the parts.

What is Machine Shop

The Machine Shop may be meant to produce parts to be sold to the other customers or may also be meant to be used by itself. It also has some space for the storage of raw materials (used in machining) and also for the finished parts.

Machine Tools Used in a Machine Shop

Some of the typical machine tools used in a Machine Shop are the followings:

  • Lathe Machines
  • Milling Machines
  • Drilling Machines
  • Grinding Machines
  • Multitasking Machines
  • CNC (Computer Numerical Control) Machines, etc.

Machining Operations Performed in a Machine Shop

Some of the typical machining operations performed in this shop are the followings:

  • Cutting Operations
  • Shaping Operations
  • Drilling Operations
  • Finishing Operations
  • Other Operations.

Some Basic Terms

Machine: The tool which performs a required task or action by using energy is called a Machine. A machine may consist of a number of parts or in a single part. The energy used by the machine may be mechanical, electrical, thermal, chemical etc.

Machine Tool: The machine tool is a type of machine used as a tool for the purpose of machining or shaping a metal or other parts. Examples:- Lathe Machine, Drilling Machine, Milling Machine, Grinding Machine etc.

Machining: Machining is actually a material removal process performed on a raw material by cutting it into the desired shape in order to get the final finished part. Examples:- Cutting, Shaping, Drilling, Finishing etc.


First Machine Shop was established in the 19th century.


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